Behavior of three cultivars of coffee (Catimor, Colombia and Costa Rica 95) in the valley of El Perené, Junín, Perú
Alberto Julca-Otiniano1*, Gerson Alarcón-Águila1, Leonel Alvarado-Huamán1, Ricardo Borjas-Ventura1, y Viviana Castro-Cepero2
The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavior of three coffee cultivars (Catimor, Colombia and Costa Rica 95) in the Valley of El Perené Junín, Perú. The experiment was carried out in the “Alto Florida” farm, which is located at 1250 m.a.s.l. Fifty plants of each cultivar were selected and marked for the evaluations. A completely randomized design was used with 3 treatments (coffee cultivars) and 50 replicates (1 plant = 1 replicate). The results indicate that the three cultivars studied have similar phenotypic characteristics. They can be considered resistant to “coffee rust” (Hemileia nt phytosanitary problems, such as Hypothenemus hampei, Perileucoptera coffeella, Cercospora coffeicola and Mycena citricolor. They present high yield (greater than 0.18 t ha-1 of parchment coffee) and good physical quality (greater than 72% of exportable coffee). They also have good organoleptic quality (with 79.9 to 82.1 points), which allows them to be described as a special coffee.
Key words: Growth, physical quality, organoleptic quality, yield, Hemileia
1 Dpto. Fitotecnia, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM), Av. La Molina s/n, La Molina, Lima. Perú.
2 Dpto. Biología, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM), Av. La Molina s/n, La Molina, Lima. Perú.
* Autor para correspondencia: [email protected]