PIONERO-INIA: THE FIRST DOUBLE PURPOSE WHEAT FOR CHILE
Claudio Jobet1, 2*, Volker Lein3, Ricardo Madariaga4, Iván Matus4, Dalma Castillo4, y Javier Zuñiga1
Pionero INIA is the first double purpose wheat cultivar released in Chile by the National Wheat Program from INIA Carillanca. It is a winter wheat variety (Triticum aestivum L.) as a result of germplasm selected from the Saaten Union Research Company of France. It showed excellent adaptability to agro-climatic zones with early sowing, long winters and wet spring. The adult plant height has a mean of 90 cm, being classified as a semi-dwarf to dwarf wheat variety. The mean grain yield for the different locations during several years of evaluation was significantly higher than the control, Kumpa INIA, outstanding by its disease resistance and agronomic type. Their mill and starch quality characteristic allows to be used by the cookies industry and by the beef and aquiculture industries.
Key words: cultivar, winter wheat, yield, synthetic, animal feed.
1 Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Centro Regional Carillanca, Casilla 58-D, Temuco, Chile.
2 Universidad de La Frontera, Facultad de Agronomía, Casilla 54-D, Temuco, Chile.
3 Saaten Union Research, Francia.
4 Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), Centro Regional Quilamapu, Casilla 58-D, Chillán, Chile.
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