EMPERADOR INIA: A NEW WINTER TRITICALE (x Triticosecale Wittmack) CULTIVAR FOR SOURTHERN CHILE
Claudio Jobet1, Javier Zúñiga1, Dalma Castillo2, Iván Matus2, Cristian Alfaro1, y Juan Carlos García3
Emperador INIA is a winter triticale (× Triticosecale Wittmack) variety introduced from Nordsaat Saatzucht GmbH of Germany by the National Wheat Breeding Program at INIA Carillanca, Chile. It has a postrate growth habit during the tiller stage, and its leaves are of pale green color. The vegetative period from sowing to flowering sown in May, is approximately 180 days. It has moderate susceptibility to stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis West. f. sp. tritici Erikss.), resistance to leaf rust (Puccinia triticina. f. sp tritici Erikss. y Henn), and powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis D.C. f.sp. tritici Marchal), and moderate resistance to septoria (Mycosphaerella graminicola (Fuckel) Sand). The average plant height is 115 cm, with a stem of very good resistance to lodging. The spike is red, compact and with awns along its full length. The grain shape is elongated with a red pale color. It has high yield, higher than the best check in comparative yield trials, and good quality characteristics for animal feed.
Key words: cultivar, winter, triticale, yield, forages.
1 Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Centro Regional Carillanca, Casilla 58-D, Temuco, Chile.
2 Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Centro Regional Quilamapu, Casilla 426, Chillán, Chile.
3 Universidad de la Frontera, Facultad de Agronomía, Casilla 54-D, Temuco, Chile.
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