COMBINATION OF ISOLATES OF Pochonia chlamydosporia FOR THE CONTROL OF Meloidogyne javanica IN TOMATO
Déborah Magalhães Xavier1*, Rosangela Dallemole-Giaretta2, Leandro Grassi de Freitas1, Everaldo Antonio Lopes3, Cristiane Gonçalves Gardiano4, and Silamar Ferraz1
Three different isolates of Pochonia chlamydosporia (Pc-3, Pc-10 and Pc-28) were evaluated in a greenhouse experiment when applied individually and in combinations. A control treatment with no application of isolates of P. chlamydosporia var. chlamydosporia was included, while neither isolates nor nematodes were used in another untreated treatment. One-liter pots were filled with sterilized soil, and each pot was infested with 3 g of rice substrate colonized with the respective isolate plus 3,000 eggs of Meloidogyne javanica. One ‘Santa Clara’ tomato seedling was transplanted to each pot after fifteen days. None of the isolates (applied individually or in combinations) was able to reduce the number of galls when compared to the control treatment. However, the number of eggs of M. javanica decreased for isolates Pc-10 and mixtures Pc-10 + Pc-3, and Pc-10 + Pc-28 + Pc-3. The association of isolates of P. chlamydosporia var. chlamydosporia did not increase the control of M. javanica when compared to the application of Pc-10 individually.
Key words: biological control, nematodes, nematophagous fungi, root-knot nematode.
1 Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Departamento de Fitopatologia, 36571-000, Viçosa (MG), Brasil.
2 Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Câmpus Pato Branco, 85503-390, Pato Branco (PR), Brasil.
3 Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Campus Rio Paranaíba, Instituto de Ciências Agrárias, 38810-000, Rio Paranaíba (MG), Brasil.
4 Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Departamento de Agronomia, 86051-990, Londrina (PR), Brasil.
* Corresponding author E-mail: email@example.com